How MS Swaminathan, architect of Green Revolution, bolstered India’s food security

Asha Bajaj
4 min readFeb 10, 2024
Image Credit: twitter.com/msswaminathan

#MSSwaminathan, #GreenRevolution, #BharatRatna, #Agriculture

New Delhi/IBNS: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday announced that the late Indian agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan, along with former Prime Ministers PV Narasimha Rao and Chaudhary Charan Singh, would be conferred the Bharat Ratna.

Swaminathan’s pioneering initiatives included the development and introduction of high-yield varieties of wheat and rice, leading to a substantial increase in food grain production throughout India. He passed away at the age of 98 on September 28 last year in Chennai.

“It is a matter of immense joy that the Government of India is conferring the Bharat Ratna on Dr. MS Swaminathan Ji, in recognition of his monumental contributions to our nation in agriculture and farmers’ welfare. He played a pivotal role in helping India achieve self-reliance in agriculture during challenging times and made outstanding efforts towards modernizing Indian agriculture. We also recognise his invaluable work as an innovator and mentor and encouraging learning and research among several students. Dr. Swaminathan’s visionary leadership has not only transformed Indian agriculture but also ensured the nation’s food security and prosperity. He was someone I knew closely and l always valued his insights and inputs,” the PM wrote in a post on X.

It is a matter of immense joy that the Government of India is conferring the Bharat Ratna on Dr. MS Swaminathan Ji, in recognition of his monumental contributions to our nation in agriculture and farmers’ welfare. He played a pivotal role in helping India achieve self-reliance in… pic.twitter.com/OyxFxPeQjZ

— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) February 9, 2024

MS Swaminathan was drawn to agriculture during his youth amid the Quit India Movement and the Bengal famine of 1942–43.

Witnessing the devastation caused by the famine, Swaminathan redirected his career path from medicine to agriculture, enrolling at the Agriculture College in Coimbatore.

Motivated by the desire to contribute to India’s independence, he chose to specialize in agricultural research, particularly focusing on genetics and breeding

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Asha Bajaj

I write on national and international Health, Politics, Business, Education, Environment, Biodiversity, Science, First Nations, Humanitarian, gender, women